Filing Your Taxes? Here Are 5 Things You Should Remember

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  • Saturday Sep 22, 2018

Income tax return filing is very important and if you have not filed your return yet, it’s a good idea to get going and try to do it as early as possible. Tax filing involves a lot of paperwork, confusion and queries. To ensure a seamless process, give yourself enough lead-time for a smooth and timely return filing. Unfortunately, there are penalties to be paid, if the deadlines are missed. These fines range between Rs. 5,000 to 10,000, depending on the delay.

You can get help from professionals to file your tax return who can advise you on how to save tax, the available deductions and exemptions under 80C and assist you with investment planning. But, if you are planning to file returns yourself, here are a few important things you could keep in mind.

Important Things To Remember While Filing Income Tax Returns

  • Know Your ITR Forms Well

  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has made few amendments in the ITR forms to ease the process of filing Income Tax returns. The number of forms to be used by taxpayers has been reduced from 9 to 7. For individuals with annual taxable income (from salary, interest, one house property) of up to Rs. 50 lakh, ITR 1 is required to be filed. Whereas, for individuals with annual taxable income of more than Rs. 50 lakh, ITR 2 is required to be filed.

  • Mandatory Disclosure

  • Following up on the Central Government's efforts on demonetisation, the Income Tax department has made it mandatory to disclose cash deposits of Rs. 2 lakh and more in bank accounts. This was first initiated during the demonetisation period and continues to this day. The Income Tax department requires a declaration in a separate column giving details of money deposited along with bank details in the income tax returns. To prevent being taxed at 60% plus surcharge and cess, tax payers need to explain all sources or forms of income or investment.

  • Carefully Select the Assessment Year and Financial Year

  • Assessment Year and Financial Year are not the same and you need to be familiar with them in order to correctly file your taxes. Financial Year is the period or year within which you earn the income, whereas Assessment Year is the period or year that follows Financial Year and it is in this year that you file your tax return. Every Financial Year and Assessment Year begins on the 1st of April and ends on 31st of March. Assessment Year always comes after Financial Year.

    Since your income is taxed in the Assessment Year, you have to select Assessment Year while filing your income tax return.

  • Check For Deductions Under 80C

  • Section 80C entitles you to certain deductions from the gross total income, up to a maximum limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh. It is the most widely used option to save income tax. The investments and expenditures that qualify for deduction under section 80C are investments in National Savings Certificates (NSC), Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP), notified Equity Linked Saving Scheme (ELSS) of a mutual fund, five-year post office term deposits, five-year bank fixed deposits, contribution to Employee Provident Fund (EPF), Public Provident Fund (PPF), Superannuation Funds and premiums paid for life insurance, annuity plan and Unit-Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP), etc.

    These investments can not only be claimed as deduction while calculating your total taxable income but can also generate good returns. Moreover, investment in PPF, superannuation funds, etc. also help in accumulating funds for retirement planning.

  • Check TDS on Form 26A

Form 26A is an important document for tax filing. It provides details of the income paid to you, the tax deducted on that income and the amount of TDS deposited by the payer with the Government. The form also contains details of any refund applicable to you. To check your tax deduction on Form 26A, you have to go to and login to your account. Next, you have to go to ‘My Account’ and click on ‘View Form 26AS’ in the drop down.


While filing your income tax return, ensure that you know the relevant ITR forms well, make the necessary disclosures, select appropriate assessment year, take advantage of 80C deductions and verify your TDS from Form 26A. This will ensure a smooth and hassle-free tax filing process.

Filing your taxes -

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